The Spanish state faced a regional revolt in 2017, with an unsanctioned referendum on Catalan independence called by the local administration against the wishes of the Madrid government. Following on from the referendum, senior officials in the Catalan government are now on trial for “rebellion” and “misuse of public funds”.
As we go to press, talks to create a new pro-independence government in Catalonia continue. The election on 21st December resulted in a majority for pro-independence parties. The Spanish state and the conservative Rajoy government had attempted to suppress the independence referendum and subsequently suspended Catalan autonomy, prompting the snap election.